Calf scours can be a major headache on both beef and dairy operations. In either situation, the underlying cause is typically inadequate colostrum intake or a dirty environment. Scours is often a bigger problem in spring calves because severe weather can lead to stressed animals in a muddy, cold environment. Prevention is the best way to control scours. Because the infectious agents involved in scours are typically viral or protozoal (coccidia, cryptosporidium), treatment cen
Dehorning is performed routinely in dairy cattle for the safety of the animals and farmers working with them. When performed at an early age with appropriate pain management, dehorning is a very low-stress practice. The majority of beef breeds of cattle are polled, meaning they naturally lack horns, and therefore do not require dehorning.
The FARM program encourages dehorning as young as possible. It also encourages the use of local anesthesia and anti-inflammatories. Dehor
Cows twin at a rate of one to seven percent, with dairy breeds twinning two to three times as frequently as beef cows. Most would prefer this number to be zero due to several negative consequences of twinning, including: Increased risk of calving difficulty, retained placenta and metritis. This often leads to delayed return to fertility. Dairy cows calving with twins are more prone to transition issues such as ketosis and DAs. Twins more than double the risk of abortion and i